World Health: 5 Questions on How Transport is Related to Health
08th Apr 2013
TheCityFix interviewed EMBARQ Health and Road safety expert, Claudia Adriazola-Steil, for World Health Day 2013.
Q1. How can we tackle the problem of rising obesity and physical inactivity through transport?
Lack of physical activity contributes to 3.2 million deaths annually, yet just 150 minutes of physical activity per week – about 20 minutes per day – can improve health and reduce the risk of disease. A study by the New York City Department of Health showed that those who take mass transport, cycle and walk as their main form of transport, receive more physical activity than those who rely on cars.
Physical activity can be promoted in neighborhoods through access to mass transport, bike and pedestrian paths, safe streets, connectivity between different transport modes, and a compact mix of housing, retail, parks and offices. One study showed that Barcelona’s Bicing bike sharing system saved an estimated 12 lives per year, mostly by getting people out of their cars and active on the streets.
Best Practices for Road Safety Campaigns (International)
05th Dec 2012
This report, published by the World Road Association in November 2012, presents key findings of a literature review of best practices for road safety campaigns, and relate these to actual road safety campaign practices by road administrations and authorities of 14 countries who responded to a survey questionnaire.
Driving down the road toll by building a Safe System (Australia)
17th Sep 2012
This report, by Professor Fred Wegman, was released in June 2012 as part of the Adelaide thinkers in residence program. Driving down the road toll by building a Safe System, provides a comprehensive list of recommendations to guide road safety policy in South Australia. The report contains specific recommendations relating to cyclists.
Cycling Safety: Key Messages (International)
12th Jul 2012
In June 2012 the International Transport Forum Working Group on Cycling Safety released a series of preliminary key messages emerging from their international review of cycling safety trends and policies. Australia is a member of the Forum. The report contains 11 key recommendations.
A Corporate Approach to Road Safety (Australia)
05th Sep 2011
This discussion paper was released for public consulation by the National Transport Commission in August 2011. The paper aims to stimulate discussion about the way corporate initiatives can contribute to road safety for the whole community. Formal submissions are due 30 September 2011.
National Road Safety Strategy 2011-2020 (Australia)
07th Jul 2011
The National Road Safety Strategy 2011-2020 was released on 20 May 2011 by the Australian Transport Council. The strategy is firmly based on Safe System principles and is framed by the guiding vision that no person should be killed or seriously injured on Australia's roads. As a step towards this long-term vision, the strategy presents a 10-year plan to reduce the annual numbers of both deaths and serious injuries on Australian roads by at least 30 per cent.
Vulnerable Road Users Factshet (EU)
15th Feb 2011
This factshet, published in July 2012 by SWOV in the Netherlands, makes a distinction between various groups of vulnerable road users and discusses a number of general measures that can increase their safety.
NSW Staysafe Committee - Vulnerable Road Users Inquiry (Australia)
11th Jan 2011
In 2010 the NSW Staysafe (Road Safety) Committee condicted an inquiry into Vulnerable Road Users and specifically motorcycle and bicycle safety. The inquiry website has links to public submissions, hearing transcripts and the final inqury report which was tabled in Parliament December 2010.
Child Safety in the UK (EU)
04th Jan 2011
This factsheet, published in 2005 by the European Transport Safety Council, outlines measures to improve the safety of vulnerable road users. Children represent a highly vulnerable group. Evidence suggests that child pedestrian and cycling accidents peak in the early years of secondary school when children begin to go to school unassisted.
Road Safety in Australia: A Publication Commemorating World Health Day 2004
24th Sep 2010
This report was published in 2004 by the Australian Transport Safety Bureau. The slogan for World Health Day 2004 'Road Safety Is No Accident' suggests that road safety does not happen accidentally, but requires a deliberate effort by governments and their many partners.