This report by the US National Cooperative Highway Research Program was released in May 2011. The report documents streamlined methods for meeting federal funding requirements for small-scale highway projects including active transport projects. For Australian readers it provides an interesting overview of the range of funding programs available in the US.
Many federally funded transportation programs provide funds for small-scale projects that are administered by state agencies, local governments, and nonprofit organizations. Federal-aid programs that support small-scale projects include the following: Transportation Enhancement Activities, Nonmotorized Transportation Pilot Program, Safe Routes to School Program, National Scenic Byways Program, Highway Safety Improvement Program, Surface Transportation Program, Recreational Trails Program, and Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Improvement Program. Although these federal programs are available to fund or partially fund small projects, accessing these federal funds may result in a disproportionate amount of resources needed to implement the projects.
The purpose of this synthesis is to identify and document methods for meeting federal requirements for small-scale projects in a more streamlined fashion.
Information used in this study was acquired through a review of the literature, a survey of local program agency administrators in each of ten focus state DOTs, and interviews with representatives from several agencies and organizations involved at various levels with the locally administered federal-aid process.